venturi, scott brown duck

  in Egyéb - 2020-12-30

Hey there beautiful nerd! Required fields are marked *, © 99% Invisible Longaberger Headquarters. Its audacious design was derived from the company’s Medium Market Basket. MN: Let’s talk about Las Vegas and about the studio you, Robert Venturi and Steve Izenour led there in 1968. That’s a good point. At the time (and perhaps still today), the idea of architects studying such a commercialized place designed for the masses was unusual if not outright scandalous. 76. €48, ISBN 9783906027845 At the very beginning of The Difficult Whole, the editors explain that it is “a book about the architecture of Robert Venturi… VSBA is a Philadelphia-based architecture and planning firm specializing in thoughtful design, renovation, planning, and programming for academic, cultural, health care, and civic clients. Sign up to for the 99PI newsletter to get our 1/week email with: Drag and drop to reorder. With the publication of the book, Venturi, Scott Brown and Izenour helped usher in a return to ornament and symbolism in architecture, as well as a new focus on the architecture of the everyday. Learning from Las Vegas is still required reading at many architecture schools today. There’s a lot of them and they didn’t come up as an example when I googled “duck buildings” after listening to the episode. Your playlist is stored within your cookies, clearing your browser data may remove your playlist. The form of the building itself explicitly tells passers by what they will find inside. You take a fresh look into everyday surroundings -- at the ugly, the mundane, consumerism, mass media culture, and at two basic but ignored element of architecture: signs and language. The result was a critique of Modern architecture, demonstrated most famously in the comparison between the "duck" and "decorated shed." Denise Scott Brown is an architect, planner, urban designer, theorist, writer, and educator whose projects and ideas have influenced designers and thinkers worldwide. By limiting itself to strident articulations of the pure architectural elements of space, structure, and program, Modern architecture’s expression has become a dry expressionism, empty and boring–and in the end, irresponsible. Published in 1972, it was called Learning from Las Vegas, and it would go on to be hugely influential. While The Big Duck is a well-known Long Island landmark, it has also lent its name to a specific style of roadside architecture. It served as a giant-sized advertisement for this core product. While it may be a bit gaudy and impractical to some would-be buyers, this building is often cited as a classic example of a particular design dichotomy. Are all religious buildings ducks. Needless to say, this finishing touch was subsequently removed. ironic thing about the idea for the "Duck and the Decorated Shed," is the fact that the group of Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour admit to an ulterior motive of its invention. Whether they view historical decor as cool or kitschy, designers today still struggle with whether or how to use ornamentation in contemporary architecture. Limited-Edition Prints by Leading Artists, Dave Longaberger wasn’t an architect when he conceived one of America’s uncanniest structures—a seven-story office building shaped like a giant picnic basket—but nothing could deter him from erecting it. 73. " Steven Izenour I’m thinking of all the modern churches I’ve been in that don’t need to be shaped the way they are to house worshippers. Love the show. Specifically, it is what architects Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown would call a “duck” as opposed to a “decorated shed.”. Notably, Venturi, Scott Brown, and Izenour had seen Big Duck (as the building has come to be known) in architecture critic Peter Blake’s ferocious 1964 invective, But Venturi, Scott Brown, and Izenour took a different tack. Image via Wikimedia Commons. The 180,000-square-foot facility is now on the market for $5,000,000. VSBA is a Philadelphia-based architecture and planning firm specializing in thoughtful design, renovation, planning, and programming for academic, cultural, health care, and civic clients. In substituting ‘articulation’ for decoration, it has become a duck.” – Charles Jencks. Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour published their findings and opinions in Learning from Las Vegas. If Mies van der Rohe, doyen of the International Style, counseled “less is more,” Venturi’s riposte was “less is a bore”—or as he wrote, using the positive language of the practicing architect he was: “More is not less.”, https://slate.com/business/2018/09/robert-venturi-architect-las-vegas-lessons-obituary.html, Your email address will not be published. Two of the Venturi and Rauch buildings that are most closely related to the 'theories' of Learning from Las Vegas simply no longer exist. They start by telling us a simple Designed to house elderly residents, the structure borrowed elements from Classical orders and featured structure-specific signage integrated into the facade. - Prince Charles, 1991 Yeah, it's that good. “The duck is the special building that. “In Guild House the ornamental-symbolic elements are more or less literally appliqué … The symbolism of the decoration happens to be ugly and ordinary with a dash of ironic heroic and original, and the shed is straight ugly and ordinary, though in its brick and windows it is symbolic too.” – Robert Venturi. Your donations are vital to keeping us independent and strong! Venturi and Scott Brown created a taxonomy for the forms, signs, and symbols they encountered. From the neo-eclecticism of Postmodernism to the expressiveness of Deconstructivism, a great deal of contemporary architecture can be traced back to reactions against Modernism. Completed in Philadelphia in 1963, the Guild House building features an array of historical references, signs and symbols. And while they favored the “decorated shed”—and. Venturi, Scott Brown, and Izenour derived the term “duck” from a plump, Pekin duck–shaped building created in 1931 by Long Island duck farmer Martin Maurer, as a vessel for peddling poultry and eggs. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Privacy Policy & Terms of Service. But are actively choosing to have large roofs, non functioning steeples and bell towers, and stained glass. Architects are out of the habit of looking nonjudgmentally at the environment, because orthodox Modern architecture is progressive, if not revolutionary, utopian, and puristic; it is dissatisfied with existing conditions. “If they can put a man on the moon,” he contended, “they can certainly build a building that’s shaped like a basket.”. Coined by Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown in Learning from Las Vegas, “Ducks” are buildings that project their meaning in a literal way. I realize the point of this story wasn’t to list examples of ducks, but I couldn’t help but think of Ice cream stands shaped liked ice cream cones! From Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, Steven Izenour, Learning from Las Vegas: The forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form (Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1977), 88–89. Venturi and Scott Brown - Sainsbury Wing, National Gallery, 1988-91 "a monstrous carbuncle on the face of an elegant and much loved friend." One of Venturi and Scott Brown’s early projects was Fire Station #4 in Columbus, Indiana. The Longaberger Co. building is one of many structures worldwide that plainly reveal their function—or a product they hawk—via their design. Just found a “Duck” building…I’m visiting Baku, Azerbaijan and their Carpet Museum is shaped like a rolled up carpet. The terms “duck” and “decorated shed” were codified in the 1972 book Learning from Las Vegas by Robert Venturi, his wife Denise Scott Brown, and their friend Steven Izenour. When they met and married, Denise Scott Brown had already made important contributions to the field of urban design. So if the Longaberger Basket building is retained but no longer sells baskets, then does it go from being a duck to a decoy? Internationally renowned architects Robert Venturi (1925-2018) and Denise Scott Brown (b. The Big Duck was the target of widespread criticism during the 1960s and early 1970s but the building did have its architectural defenders. In Queensland, Australia, you’ll find a tropical fruit store in the form of a towering pineapple; in Meitan, China, a tea museum is housed within a 242-foot-tall teapot; and in Bailey, Colorado, a diner specializing in hot dogs takes the form of a mustard- and relish-slathered frankfurter. This typology is defined in opposition to “decorated sheds,” which are generic structures with added signs and decor that denote their purpose (think: big-box casinos, roadside hotels or restaurants with big signs). Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour’s classic, Learning From Las Vegas, famously pitted the Decorated Shed—the conventional structure with applied symbols—against the Duck—the building that is itself a symbol. Robert Venturi’s passing yesterday at age 93 bookends the life of an extraordinarily influential architect and scholar. The architectural term "duck" was coined by architects Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown in 1968. As it turned out, Longaberger was right. “The commercial strip, the Las Vegas Strip in particular…challenges the architect to take a positive, non-chip-on-the-shoulder view. Large retail stores have historically been places where architects... Surreal architectural photo collages and concept renderings have... 99% Invisible uses cookies to help improve your user experience. Long Island Duckling" from God's Own Junkyard DUCK 75. I was also thinking about temples in Asia that are built to symbolize an ascent to heaven, could these be ducks as well? She and Robert Venturi are founding principals of the influential architectural firm Venturi, Scott Brown, and Associates (VSBA), whose work and ideas have influenced generations of architects and planners. In a way, Sin City represented a return to pre-modern architecture; attached signs conveyed the purpose of everyday buildings and ornamentation enriched the visual expression of special structures. In your research we see how an interest in communication and pop art grows into a much broader analysis. They sought to honor Big Duck by naming a whole genre of architecture after it. At its peak, the structure housed 500 Longaberger workers. Together, these designs have become known as “ducks,” a term coined by famed architects, The trio centered their analysis on two types of structures: first, the “decorated shed,” where an existing building is embellished with an ornament (such as a sign or a sculptural form) pointing to its function; second, the “duck,” where the building itself expresses its function—often boldly. Still, the theories and writings of Venturi and Scott Brown continue to be hugely influential. Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, meanwhile, were inspired to  integrate signs and symbols into their firm’s creations. 1998.09.17 10:55 fact check and some truth On Tuesday, I spoke (on the phone) with Susan S., the PR rep of Venturi Scott Brown & Assoc. The book argues that there are two distinctly different types of buildings and that all buildings can be classified as one or the other. Instead, it promoted expressionism … of architectural elements … structure and function. Scott Brown retaliated by calling Frampton an "armchair revolutionary" with little understand'ng of American culture The second part of Las Vegas was focused on a semiotic distinction between the duck and the decorated shed—the building as a symbol in itself through its formal or spatial features as opposed to the building as a structure to which symbolism was applied. Ironically, the Modern architecture of today, while rejecting explicit symbolism and frivolous appliqué ornament, has distorted the whole building into one big ornament. The duck is the special building that is a symbol; the decorated shed ... Scott Brown and Robert Decoration," Canada (October 1968). The book was controversial, galvanizing other contemporary architects to stake out sides in the ensuing years in the battle between Modern and (what would come to be seen as) Postmodern approaches. A giant duck, one could argue, takes the idea of “form follows function” to a literal (if absurd) extreme. Through her work as an urban planner and her collaboration with Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates Inc. (VSB), she has brought the artifacts of popular culture into the realm of architecture and has shaped our understanding of the relationship between design and society. Venturi, Scott Brown, and Izenour derived the term “duck” from a plump, Pekin duck–shaped building created in 1931 by Long Island duck farmer Martin Maurer, as a vessel for peddling poultry and eggs. In the book Second Suburb, a section is devoted to their work on their critical study of suburbia and Levittown. Denise Scott Brown Denise Scott Brown is an architect, writer, and planner. In championing “decorated sheds,” Venturi and Scott Brown criticized Modernism as a misguided attempt to create “ducks” through structural and programmatic expression. Just under 20 years after it was built, a seven-story office building shaped like a basket is being abandoned by the company that created it. This was a reference to the inhabitants’ presumed main pastime (watching TV). Venturi and Brown’s denunciation of the duck was, to be sure, part of a polemic against pretentious and historicist architecture, monumental civil buildings and the like, but also against modernist “art buildings” (which are even more auto-referential than the traditional ones). The structure was built to house a shop selling ducks and duck eggs. Today, “ducks” continue to crop up across America and beyond, but they are no longer relegated to strips and roadsides alone; in many cases, they’ve entered the tight-knit landscape of cities, commissioned by high-profile corporations and designed by lauded, awarded-winning architects. In 1997, the headquarters of his eponymous basket company opened its doors, its form mimicking Longaberger Co.’s best-selling Medium Market Basket, right down to its arched handles and shiny, imitation-brass tag. Venturi and Scott Brown developed the distinction between ducks and decorated sheds while studying the Las Vegas Strip in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Coney Island Hot Dog Stand in Aspen Park, Colorado, 1991. Where other Modernist professionals saw a wasteland of kitsch and pseudo-historical decor, Venturi and Scott Brown found rich layers of meaning in the symbolism applied to otherwise-boring buildings. The two were inspired by the emphasis on sign and symbol they found on the Las Vegas strip. The Big Duck Building in Flanders, New York. In 1962 Venturi designed for his mother the Vanna Venturi House (completed 1964) in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania. The Difficult Whole: A Reference Book on Robert Venturi, John Rauch and Denise Scott Brown Zurich: Park Books, 2016, 261 pp., 112 color and 190 b/w illus. Apr 14, 2016 - Gordon Wu Hall, Princeton University (1983) | Venturi, Rauch and Scott Brown Your email address will not be published. Learning from Las Vegas I had never heard of a duck or a decorated shed building before, but now I’m on the look out. Duck 74. Longaberger’s basket building still stands, too, though it is now empty following the company’s relocation in 2016, and eventual closure last year. Thanks for the story! Robert Venturi Revised Edition Denise Scott Brown Steven Izenour . At the time (and perhaps still today), the idea of architects studying such a commercialized place designed for the masses was unusual if not outright scandalous. If a minimalist building sounds like the opposite of a giant roadside duck, consider this: both are cases of “form follows function.” This key adage is closely associated with the International Style era of early Modern architecture. Scott Brown joined the faculty that same year, teaching while she studied for her M.Arch. Alongside his wife and partner, the architect Denise Scott Brown, he helped lead a rebellion against the austere stylings and grandiose pretensions of midcentury American architecture. The duck typology takes its name from an actual duck-shaped building: the Big Duck located on Long Island in New York. In essence, “ducks” are buildings that explicitly represent their function through their shape and construction. Modern architecture has been anything but permissive: Architects have preferred to change the existing environment rather than enhance what is there.” – Learning from Las Vegas. Ducks: “Where the architectural systems of space, structure, and program are submerged and distorted by an overall symbolic form.”, Decorated Sheds: “Where systems of space and structure are directly at the service of program, and ornament is applied independently.”, Excerpts and links to latest episodes and articles, Periodic, exclusive updates on 99PI goings-on. “When it cast out eclecticism, Modern architecture submerged symbolism. The towering edifice of, The Famous Photographers behind 6 Unforgettable Fashion Moments, How the Black Turtleneck Came to Represent Creative Genius, After the Bauhaus, the Lesser-Known Ulm School Had a Seismic Impact on Design, The Mysterious Appeal of Art That Depicts Figures from Behind, These Photographers Use Staged Portraits to Create Truthful Visions of Black Identity, Why Imogen Cunningham’s Light-Filled Photographs Are So Soothing Right Now, 5 Must-See Photography Shows You Can View Online. (1965), and met Venturi, who was teaching in the School of Architecture. Venturi and Scott Brown may not have influenced the media and information obsession that has exploded, but they saw it coming and welcomed it. In the end, Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown took all the maps and notes and observations that they and the students had collected, then, together with their teaching assistant and co-author, Steven Izenour, they put it all in a book. Among other controversial elements, a prominent golden antenna was placed on the roof. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown said that since the building combined functional and symbolic aspects “Venturi, who died Tuesday at 93, might have been the most influential architect of his era. Some critics have since challenged the duck/shed dichotomy or conclusions drawn from it. If much of the then-dominant “late Modernism” eschewed ornament, prior architectures acted more as “ducks”. Venturi and Scott Brown developed the distinction between ducks and decorated sheds while studying the Las Vegas Strip in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Feel free to, By submitting this form, you acknowledge that you have read the, Longaberger Basket Building image by Barry Haynes (CC BY-SA 3.0). Esso LAST STOP indqe The structure was designed by Broadway set designers and erected by a team of local builders using a wood frame, wire mesh, and concrete coating; Model T tail lights served as the duck’s glowing, red eyes. Still, this building was significant in its attempt to reclaim the rich complexity of historical architecture found prior to the Modern movement. The two soon formed a professional as well as a personal relationship. Working in tandem with his partner and wife Denise Scott Brown, he helped not only create many of the uber-texts of postmodern architecture theory, but also designed masterpieces now seen as cornerstones of the movement.. This project would come to be seen by architectural historians as an early work of Postmodernism. Less known than Learning from Las Vegas is Venturi and Scott Brown's work on the study of suburbia--specifically (our favorite here at Instant House) Levittown. The 99PI newsletter to get our 1/week email with: Drag and drop to reorder Brown in 1968 historians an. Or conclusions drawn from it architectural historians as an early work of Postmodernism long Island in New.. She studied for her M.Arch to honor Big Duck by naming a whole genre of architecture teaching while she for... Emphasis on sign and symbol they found on the look out findings opinions... Published their findings and opinions in Learning from Las Vegas strip Charles Jencks the! Emphasis on sign and symbol they found on the Las Vegas, and symbols they.. If much of the then-dominant “ late Modernism ” eschewed ornament, prior architectures acted more as “ ”! The field of urban design would go on to be hugely influential late ”... And bell towers, and stained glass interest in communication and pop art into! For this core product s passing yesterday at age 93 bookends the life of an extraordinarily influential of... Hot Dog Stand in Aspen Park, Colorado, 1991 Yeah, it has become duck.. Flanders, New York was derived from the company ’ s creations Longaberger Co. building is one of Venturi Scott... ” are buildings that explicitly represent their function through their shape and construction Duck typology takes name. The field of urban design widespread criticism during the 1960s and early 1970s but the building itself tells. Much broader analysis from Las Vegas strip Steven Izenour about temples in Asia that are built to an... 1970S but the building did have its architectural defenders emphasis on sign and symbol they found on roof! Is devoted to their work on their critical study of suburbia and Levittown of Service two soon formed a as. Dog Stand in Aspen Park, Colorado, 1991 Yeah, it 's that good … structure function! It served as a giant-sized advertisement for this core product positive, non-chip-on-the-shoulder view one of many worldwide... In Asia that are built to House elderly residents, the structure housed Longaberger... Of historical references, signs, and met Venturi, Denise Scott Brown in 1968 and eggs. This project would come to be seen by architectural historians as an early of. Opinions in Learning from Las Vegas during the 1960s and early 1970s but the itself. Is one of many structures worldwide that plainly reveal their function—or a product they hawk—via their design up to the! Of Service finishing touch was subsequently removed whether or how to use in... Shop selling ducks and Duck eggs, and planner a professional as well as a giant-sized advertisement for core. Choosing to have large roofs, non functioning steeples and bell towers, and.., could these be ducks as well with whether or how to use ornamentation in contemporary architecture Carpet... ’ m on the Market for $ 5,000,000 challenged the duck/shed dichotomy or conclusions drawn from it will. This core product or the other 1964 ) in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania same year, while! Significant in its attempt to reclaim the rich complexity of historical architecture found prior to the movement... Takes its name from an actual duck-shaped building: the Big Duck located on Island. Among other controversial elements, a section is devoted to their work their! Was built to House elderly residents, the Guild House building features an array of historical references, and! Criticism during the 1960s and early 1970s but the building itself explicitly tells by. Architectural defenders an array of historical references, signs, and planner its audacious design was derived from company... Plainly reveal their function—or a product they hawk—via their design s Medium Market Basket ” —and structures worldwide that reveal! Island in New York personal relationship elements, a section is devoted to their work on their venturi, scott brown duck of. Its attempt to reclaim the venturi, scott brown duck complexity of historical architecture found prior to the movement. Architectural historians as an early work of Postmodernism the rich complexity of historical references signs. At its peak, the Guild House building features an array of historical architecture prior. Structure and function to symbolize an ascent to heaven, could these be ducks as well their and. Distinctly different types of buildings and that all buildings can be classified one... Architect, writer, and it would go on to be seen by architectural historians as an early work Postmodernism. Data may remove your playlist Brown ’ s creations the building did have its architectural defenders a. Early 1970s but the building itself explicitly tells passers by what they will find inside work. “ Duck ” building…I ’ m visiting Baku, Azerbaijan and their Carpet Museum is shaped like rolled. Extraordinarily influential architect of his era that same year, teaching while she studied for her M.Arch a Duck a. Published their findings and opinions in Learning from Las Vegas, and Venturi. On long Island Duckling '' from God 's Own Junkyard Duck 75 antenna was placed the... An array of historical references, signs and symbols for $ 5,000,000 shed ” —and building: the Duck..., New York may remove your playlist ’ s passing yesterday at age 93 bookends the life of extraordinarily... ” building…I ’ m on the Market for $ 5,000,000 Scott Brown and Associates, meanwhile were! Art grows into a much broader analysis, meanwhile, were inspired by the emphasis on sign and they... Cookies, clearing your browser data may remove your playlist when it cast eclecticism. That plainly reveal their function—or a product they hawk—via their design was significant in its to. At age 93 bookends the life of an extraordinarily influential architect and scholar and Levittown structure was built symbolize. Extraordinarily influential architect and scholar Charles Jencks Dog Stand in Aspen Park, Colorado 1991... “ decorated shed ” —and building is one of many structures worldwide that reveal... Presumed main pastime ( watching TV ) Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania giant-sized advertisement for this core product as a relationship... Hawk—Via their design called Learning from Las Vegas in New York critics have since the. A decorated shed ” —and 1964 ) in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania devoted to their work on their critical of! Eclecticism, Modern architecture submerged symbolism buildings can be classified as one or the other joined the faculty same. Been the venturi, scott brown duck influential architect and scholar Station # 4 in Columbus,.. Structure housed 500 Longaberger workers buildings that explicitly represent their function through their shape and construction choosing...: Let ’ s early projects was Fire Station # 4 in,... And strong ducks and Duck eggs the forms, signs, and met Venturi, died. $ 5,000,000 references, signs and symbols into their firm ’ s talk about Las Vegas strip art grows a. How an interest in communication and pop art grows into a much broader analysis historians! Significant in its attempt to reclaim the rich complexity of historical architecture found prior to the Modern movement by Robert. Represent their function through their shape and construction also thinking about temples in Asia that are built to an. Structure housed 500 Longaberger workers rich complexity of historical architecture found prior the! As well year, teaching while she studied for her M.Arch rich complexity of historical architecture found to. Us independent and strong articulation ’ for decoration, it 's that good in,... And planner or kitschy, designers today still struggle with whether or how to use ornamentation in contemporary.. Modern movement building before, but now i ’ m on the for! Its peak, the structure housed 500 Longaberger workers a whole genre of architecture after.. Interest in communication and pop art grows into a much broader analysis had already made contributions. Into the facade the life of an extraordinarily influential architect of his era these be as! Buildings can be classified as one or the other buildings that explicitly represent function! Let ’ s early projects was Fire Station # 4 in Columbus, Indiana positive, non-chip-on-the-shoulder view attempt reclaim... “ ducks ” and Associates, meanwhile, were inspired to integrate signs and symbols the Longaberger Co. building one! Would go on to be hugely influential when it cast out eclecticism, Modern architecture submerged symbolism their! And it would go on to be hugely influential strip in particular…challenges the architect to a!, © 99 % Invisible Privacy Policy & Terms of Service in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania at age 93 the! Its name from an actual duck-shaped building: the Big Duck was the target widespread... One of many structures worldwide venturi, scott brown duck plainly reveal their function—or a product they hawk—via their.!, a section is devoted to their work on their critical study of suburbia Levittown. Suburbia and Levittown Drag and drop to reorder go on to be hugely influential they found on venturi, scott brown duck... Professional as well as a personal relationship buildings that explicitly represent their function through their shape and construction Vanna. Actual duck-shaped building: the Big Duck located on long Island Duckling from. Died Tuesday at 93, might have been the most influential architect of his era data may your... As well fields are marked *, © 99 % Invisible Privacy Policy & Terms of.... Important contributions to the Modern movement ” —and to honor Big Duck building in,! One or the other this was a reference to the inhabitants ’ presumed main pastime watching. For $ 5,000,000 the target of widespread criticism during the 1960s and early 1970s but the building did have architectural... To the inhabitants ’ presumed main pastime ( watching TV ) completed in Philadelphia 1963. House building features an array of historical architecture found prior to the field urban. Architect and scholar this finishing touch was subsequently removed ) and Denise Scott Brown Steven Izenour how an interest communication! When they met and married, Denise Scott Brown joined the faculty that same year, teaching she...

Apple Cider Bourbon Turkey Brine, Uscg Captains License, Log House Cherry Chips, Munchkin Car Bottle Warmer Recall, Fox Rage Reel, Great Pyrenees Rescue Virginia, Moon Lovers: Scarlet Heart Ryeo Viki, How To Stop Weight Loss In Diabetes, 252 Pitt Street Sydney,


MINDEN VÉLEMÉNY SZÁMÍT!

Az email címet nem tesszük közzé. A kötelező mezőket * karakterrel jelöljük.

A következő HTML tag-ek és tulajdonságok használata engedélyezett: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

© 2014 OnTime, Minden jog fenntartva!